Emigracja zarobkowa z Ukrainy do Polski w propagandzie rosyjskiej po 2014 roku (en translation)

ORCID: Andrzej Szabaciuk: 0000-0003-3413-7454

Pages: 293-315

Edition: Lublin 2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2019.2.12

Citation method: A. Szabaciuk, Emigracja zarobkowa z Ukrainy do Polski w propagandzie rosyjskiej po 2014 roku, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 17 (2019), z. 2, s. 293-315, DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2019.2.12.

Abstract: The aim of the article is to analyze the image of economic emigration from Ukraine to Poland created by pro-Kremlin media after 2014. It shows how Russian propaganda changed during the 20th century, what function it had from the tsarist period, through the years of the Soviet Union, to contemporary times. Its significance in the period after the decomposition of the union state was presented, and in particular the changes that it underwent since Vladimir Putin’s first presidency. There were shown ideological changes, which more or less influenced the public discourse, and thus also the media coverage. The functions of the Russian propaganda after the escalation of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict and the way of presenting mass labour migration from Ukraine to Poland are presented, both in the context of creating a specific narrative about the current internal and foreign situation of Ukraine after the Dignity Revolution, as well as against the background of Polish-Ukrainian relations and migration processes taking place in Poland. It was shown which aspects of mass migration were most often presented by pro-Kremlin information platforms, in which context and how a specific propaganda discourse was constructed. An important element is the analysis of changes observed in the message of the state-controlled Russian media concerning the mass migration of Ukrainians to Poland and the analysis of the origins, scale, significance and consequences of this migration. More extensive research leads to the conclusion that the media controlled by the Kremlin authorities can skilfully construct the message by adapting it to the addressee. In Polish language information services, the information addressed to the recipient is much more detailed and prepared in such a way as to build an aversion between the host society and Ukrainian economic immigrants. While preparing the article, we used the analysis of data found with elements of a comparative analysis.