Edition: Lublin 2014
Current migration processes in the Russian Federation are very dynamic. This country is one of the most popular destinations for foreign workers, particularly for citizens of the neighbouring states. At the same time, massive outflows take place from the Federation’s territory. The main aim of the article is to analyse the migration policy of the Russian Federation in a broader context of political, economic and population changes which have determined the direction and contents of the state policy over recent years. Migration policy is strongly related to foreign policy addressed by Russian authorities towards post-Soviet states, and to economic and demographic interests of the Federation. The impulse towards a more open approach towards the inflow of foreigners is directly linked with a growing demand for foreign labour and, in a long-term perspective, to unfavourable demographic prognoses which predict a decrease of economically active population and depopulation of the peripheral regions of the Federation.