Wyzwania dla Europy Centralnej wynikające z prowadzenia przez Federację Rosyjską rywalizacji poniżej granicy otwartego konfliktu zbrojnego
ORCID: Mirosław Banasik: 0000-0002-9358-1240
Afiliacja: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Poland
Edition: Lublin 2020
Citation method: M. Banasik, The challenges for Central Europe posed by the rivalry of the Russian Federation below the threshold of war, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 18(2020), z. 3, s. 9-26, DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2020.3.1.Keywords:aggression, international rivalry, threshold of war
Abstract: This article identifies the political challenges for Central Europe resulting from the Russian Federation conducting competition below the threshold of war. The main research methods, both inductive and deductive, were analysis and a survey of the existing literature. There is still aggression in international rivalry, and its level is deliberately regulated so as not to cross the threshold of open armed conflict as defined by international law. The contemporary rivalry of the Russian Federation takes on an unlimited scope and goes beyond the physical sphere: the main emphasis in its application is on non-military and non-lethal forms of influence that can be easily combined with kinetic ones. The exploitation of the space between the binary borders of war and peace was practically verified both under the Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union. It has been confirmed that a great deal of importance in Russia is now attached to unconventional activities and that their application offers great opportunities to achieve strategic objectives without the need to resort to direct military confrontation.
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