Is Russia a “good CBSS citizen”?

Alexander Sergunin

ORCID: Alexander Sergunin: 0000-0002-4683-0611

Afiliacja: St. Petersburg State University and Nizhny Novgorod State University, Russian Federation

Pages: 33-56

Edition: Lublin 2021


Citation method: A. Sergunin, Is Russia a “good CBSS citizen”?, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 19(2021), z. 3, s. 33-56, doi:

Abstract: This study examines Russia’s policies towards and within the Councilof the Baltic Sea States in the aftermath of the Ukrainian and other internationalcrises. More specifically, this paper analyses Russia’s interest in andexpectations from the CBSS, as well as Moscow’s institutional behaviour in theCouncil. The CBSS is viewed by Russia as both a centrepiece and cornerstoneof the regional governance system. Moscow also sees the CBSS as an importanttool for overcoming the politico-diplomatic isolation where Russia founditself with the start of the Ukrainian crisis. With the help of the CBSS, it retainsits ability to influence socioeconomic, political, environmental, and humanitariandevelopments in the Baltic Sea region. Russia supported the Council’sthree long-term priority areas: a regional identity, a sustainable and prosperousregion, and a safe and secure region. Russia favoured further the Council’sinstitutionalization and strengthening of its role in the regional governancesystem. Despite the fact that Russia’s relations with other CBSS member-statesremain tense and that Moscow does not always manage to use the Councilto promote its interests in the region, the CBSS is still seen by Russia as animportant platform for regional cooperation.


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