The rise of a new transnational political nation: the Belarusian diaspora and its leaders after the 2020 protests

Powstanie nowego transnarodowego narodu politycznego: białoruska diaspora i jej liderzy po protestach 2020 roku

Magdalena Lesińska

ORCID: Magdalena Lesińska:

Kseniya Homel

ORCID: Kseniya Homel: 0000-0001-6893-780X

Marta Jaroszewicz

ORCID: Marta Jaroszewicz:

Edition: Lublin 2022


Citation method: M. Jaroszewicz, M. Lesińska, K. Homel, The rise of a new transnational political nation: the Belarusian diaspora and its leaders after the 2020 protests, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 20(2022), z. 1, s. 35-56, DOI:

Keywords: , , ,

Abstract: When an authoritarian country lacks opportunities for free political activity, the diaspora and its leaders often take on the role of the democratic opposition against the authoritarian government and act as a political force for democratization. Although political activity abroad is very challenging and limited per se, the example of the Belarusian diaspora and its leaders demonstrates that they can play the role of an internationally recognized political entity. The pro-democratic activity of the Belarusian diaspora focuses on three main areas: the continuation of resistance against the authoritarian regime, the advancement of political representation, and the development of a credible democratic alternative including a political program for a future democratic Belarus. Yet the Russian aggression against Ukraine has put Belarusian opposition abroad at the front of a dilemma as to whether they should also take on a clear nation-building in the new geopolitical context.


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