ORCID: Adriana Mutu: 0000-0002-8290-5211
Edition: Lublin 2018
Citation method: Adriana Mutu, ‘The Institutional Design of Audiovisual Media Regulators: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 5, 2018, pp. 105-122.
The role played by National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) as key institutional actors in the governance of various sectors has attracted substantial scholarly interest. Much of the literature examines why governments allow the creation of independent regulatory authorities, and how these bodies retain their independence. In contrast to the rich literature on the regulation of utility sectors, the number of studies dealing with the audiovisual media sector is rather limited. This study addresses this gap and provides an extensive comparative analysis of the institutional design of national media regulators in 12 Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. It introduces a revised typology of media regulators, complementing current classifications, by answering two research questions: What are the main institutional characteristics of media regulators in CEE countries? To what extent do media watchdogs share similarities or display differences regarding the institutional setups? The analysis focuses on scrutinising the organisational design, funding, accountability mechanisms and regulatory competencies.