The Institutional Design of Audiovisual Media Regulators: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe

ORCID: Adriana Mutu: 0000-0002-8290-5211

ORCID: Adriana Mutu: 0000-0002-8290-5211

Strony: 105-122

Wydanie: Lublin 2018

DOI: --

Sposób cytowania: Adriana Mutu, ‘The Institutional Design of Audiovisual Media Regulators: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 5, 2018, pp. 105-122.

Słowa kluczowe: , , , ,

Abstrakt: The role played by National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) as key institutional actors in the governance of various sectors has attracted substantial scholarly interest. Much of the literature examines why governments allow the creation of independent regulatory authorities, and how these bodies retain their independence. In contrast to the rich literature on the regulation of utility sectors, the number of studies dealing with the audiovisual media sector is rather limited. This study addresses this gap and provides an extensive comparative analysis of the institutional design of national media regulators in 12 Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. It introduces a revised typology of media regulators, complementing current classifications, by answering two research questions: What are the main institutional characteristics of media regulators in CEE countries? To what extent do media watchdogs share similarities or display differences regarding the institutional setups? The analysis focuses on scrutinising the organisational design, funding, accountability mechanisms and regulatory competencies.

Bibliografia:

Balabanova, E., Comparing the Incomparable in Western and Eastern Europe, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2007.
Balčytienė, A., ‘Dependencies, Parallelisms, and Connections: Central and East European Media as Systems in Flux’, Media Transformations, vol. 8, no. 48, 2012, pp. 48-70.
Baldwin, R. and C. Scott, C. Hood, A Reader on Regulation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
European Council, Directive 2010/13/EU, Brussels, 10 March 2010, eur-lex. europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:095:0001:0024:E N:PDF.
Ginosar, A. and O. Krispil, ‘Broadcasting regulation and the public interest: Independent versus governmental agencies’, Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, vol. 93, 2015, pp. 946-966.
Hallin, D. C. and S. Papathanassopoulos, ‘Political Clientelism and the Media: Southern Europe and Latin America in Comparative Perspective’, Media, Culture & Society, vol. 24, no. 2, 2002, pp. 175-195.
Hans Bredow Institute, Indicators for Independence and Efficient Functioning of Audiovisual Media Services Regulatory Bodies for the Purpose of Enforcing the Rules in the AVMS Directive (INDIREG), Brussels: European Commission, 2011.
Humphreys, P., Mass Media and Media Policy in Western Europe, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.
ICT Regulation Toolkit 2016, http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/6.
Jakubowicz, K., ‘Normative Models of Media and Journalism and Broadcasting Regulation in Central and Eastern Europe’, International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, vol. 2, 1998, pp. 1-31.
Jakubowicz, K., ‘Post-communist Political Systems and Media Freedom and Independence’, in: J. Downey and S. S. Mihelj (eds), Central and Eastern European Media in Comparative Perspective: Politics, Economy and Culture, England: Ashgat, 2012, pp. 15-40.
Jakubowicz, K., ‘Public Service Broadcasting in Post-Communist Countries: Finding the Right Place on the Map’, in: K. Jakubowicz and M. Sükösd (eds), Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in a Global Perspective, Bristol: Intellect Books, 2008, pp. 101-124.
Jordana, J. and D. Levi-Faur (eds), The Politics of Regulation: Institutions and Regulatory Reforms for the Age of Governance, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2004.
Mitnick, B. M., The Political Economy of Regulation: Creating, Designing, and Removing Regulatory Forms, New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
Mutu, A., ‘Media And Democracy. A Theoretical Design For Cross-Country Comparative Research On Broadcasting Regulation’, in: H. Sousa et al. (eds), Media Policy and Regulation: Activating Voices, Illuminating Silences, University of Minho, Communication and Society Research Centre (CECS), 2013, pp. 11-33.
Mutu, A., ‘The regulatory independence of audiovisual media regulators: A cross-national comparative analysis’, European Journal of Communication, online first, 2018, pp.1-20, https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323118790153.
Mutu, A., ‘The Role of Communication Research in Media Policy-Making: An Analysis of Media Independence in Europe’, in: A. Popa and F. Ioncioaia (eds), Proceedings of the 2nd CommScie International Conference “Challenges for Sciences and Society in Digital Era”, CommScie School of Postdoctoral Studies and Research, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania, 2015, pp. 147-149.
Mutu, A. and J. Botella Corral, ‘Broadcasting Regulation in Europe. A Theoretical Design for Comparative Research’, Trípodos, vol. 1, no. 32, 2013, pp. 13-28.
Namurois, A., Structure and Organization of Broadcasting in the Framework of Radiocommunications, Geneva: European Broadcasting Union, 1972.
Nieminen, H., ‘Towards Democratic Regulation of European Media and Communication’, in: B. Klimkiewicz, Media Freedom and Pluralism: Media Policy Challenges in the Enlarged Europe, Budapest: Central European University Press, 2009, pp. 3-26.
Psychogiopoulou, E. and D. Anagnostou, ‘Recasting the Contours of Media Policy In a Political Context: An Introduction’, in: E. Psychogiopoulou (ed.), Understanding Media Policies: A European Perspective, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, pp. 1-20.
Schulz W. and P. Valcke, K. Irion, The Independence of the Media and its Regulatory Agencies. Shedding New Light on Formal and Actual Independence against the National Context, Bristol, Chicago, IL: Intellect, 2013.
Sousa, H. and W. Trützschler, J. Fidalgo, M. Lameiras (eds), Media Regulators in Europe: A Cross-Country Comparative Analysis, Braga: Communication and Society Research Centre (CECS), University of Minho, 2013, http://www.lasics.uminho.pt/ojs/index.php/cecs_ebooks/issue/view/118/showToc.
Spyrelli, C., ‘Regulating the Regulators? An Assessment of Institutional Structures and Procedural Rules of National Regulatory Authorities’, International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, vol. 8, 2013, pp. 1-65.
Talbot, C., ‘The Agency Idea. Sometimes Old, Sometimes New, Sometimes Borrowed, Sometimes Untrue’, in: C. Pollitt and C. Talbot (eds), Unbundled Government. A Critical Analysis of the Global Trend to Agencies, Quangos and Contractualisation, London: Routledge, 2004, pp. 3-20.
Thatcher, M. and A. S. Sweet, ‘Theory and Practice of Delegation to Non-Majoritarian Institutions’, West European Politics, vol. 25, no. 1, 2002, pp. 1-22.
Tenbücken, M. and V. Schneider, ‘Divergent Convergence: Structures and Functions of National Regulatory Authorities in the Telecommunications Sector’, in: J. Jordana and D. Levi-Faur (eds), The Politics of Regulation: Institutions and Regulatory Reforms for the Age of Governance, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2004, pp. 245-272.
Wasicka, M. and A. Mickiewicz, ‘Politicisation of the Polish media or mediatisation of Polish politics? Where the world of the media and politics permeate’, Central European Political Studies, no. 1, 2014, pp. 141-156.

Słowa kluczowe: , , , ,