Links between foreign and security policy and historical memory: the case of Serbia – Kosovo relations

Powiązania między polityką zagraniczną i bezpieczeństwa a pamięcią historyczną: przypadek relacji Serbia – Kosowo

ORCID: Anna Jagiełło-Szostak: 0000-0003-2492-1659

Pages: 59-84

Edition: Lublin 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2020.2.3

Citation method: A. Jagiełło-Szostak, Links between foreign and security policy and historical memory: the case of Serbia – Kosovo relations,„Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 18(2020), z. 2, s. 85-101, DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2020.2.3.

Abstract: The article aims to analyse the impact of historical memory on foreign and security policy using the example of the Serbia – Kosovo relations in the period of 2014-2019. Historical memory is a burden, challenge and opportunity for foreign and security policy, and has a considerable impact on bilateral relations between countries which used to be in conflict. Historical memory generates numerous research questions – who is the architect of memory? what are the actors? what are the mechanisms, tools and instruments of its creation? how is it used to maintain power and what are its effects? – to name but a few. In the example analysed, leaders use historical memory to create separate identities and gain power, whereas NGOs do it to commemorate victims. Historical memory is present in celebrating important dates, historical places, monuments and events, and creating national heroes. It also draws attention to the stereotypes in school textbooks and to transitional justice. The most important space for historical memory in the analysis is Kosovo and the role of an international organisation – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Historical memory has an important function in the process of regional reconciliation, which is an essential condition for cooperation and security in the Western Balkans.

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