“Vaccinodemic” as a component of the global hybrid conflict between democracy and autocracy: the case of Ukraine

„Wakcynodemia” jako składnik globalnej opozycji hybrydowej między demokracją a autokracją: przypadek Ukrainy

Oleksandra Fursai

ORCID: Oleksandra Fursai: 0000-0003-1318-4550

Serhiy Danylenko

ORCID: Serhiy Danylenko: 0000-0003-3873-2525

Afiliacja: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine

Pages: 19-45

Edition: Lublin 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2022.2.2

Citation method: S. Danylenko, O. Fursai, “Vaccinodemic” as a component of the global hybrid conflict between democracy and autocracy: the case of Ukraine, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 20(2022), z. 2, s. 19-45, DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2022.2.2.

Abstract: Today, there is no doubt that the large-scale invasion of Ukraine by Russian troops in February 2022 represents just another phase of the Russo-Ukrainian War that has lasted for nine years. There are many aspects to this confrontation. The consequences of the war will affect the future of the world order. It will include such aspects as security, formation of new political blocs, force interaction of political regimes, the choice of state-building models by the countries, the art of war, the role of civil society, and strengthening of the informational component in the confrontation between states and their alliances. Russia-Iran has already emerged as one such aggressive alliance. In the article, the authors explain the phenomenon of the infodemic and one of its structural elements, the “vaccinodemic”. The COVID-19 pandemic became a vivid example of the global clash of actors in international relations that implement conflicting ideologies – democratic or authoritarian rule in the social and political life of their states – and realize such aspects in foreign policy. The authors assert that the current situation in Ukraine, namely, the open military Russian invasion and the further aggravation of the security crisis, primarily in the European region, are only the next phase of an ideological confrontation that could be observed during the response to the COVID-19 pandemic by humanity. Now, this confrontation continues in a more aggressive, conventional format. Manifestations of the infodemic and its unique form, the “vaccinodemic”, captured the essence of the global confrontation, which will determine international processes for decades. Namely, Russia’s fight between democracy and authoritarianism has acquired neo-totalitarian characteristics. This fight will determine, in addition to other social phenomena, the structure and content of the global information space. It is noted that authoritarian regimes have shown some success in addressing the pandemic, which may aggravate the rivalry between democracy and authoritarianism, as the former will have to prove its effectiveness and long-term advantages.


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