Europa Środkowo-Wschodnia jako obszar rywalizacji i wpływu. Ciągłość i zmiana w perspektywie 30 lat

Central and Eastern Europe as an area of rivalry and influence. Continuity and change in a 30-year perspective

Agata Włodkowska

ORCID: Agata Włodkowska: 0000-0002-7676-0693

Afiliacja: Akademia Finansów i Biznesu Vistula

Pages: 9-21

Edition: Lublin 2022


Citation method: A. Włodkowska, Europa Środkowo-Wschodnia jako obszar rywalizacji i wpływu. Ciągłość i zmiana w perspektywie 30 lat, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 20 (2022), z. 4, s. 9-21, DOI:

Keywords: , , , , , , , , , ,

Abstract: Despite the three decades that have passed since the collapse of the USSR, the rivalry in the post-Soviet area continues. It is also going on in Central and Eastern Europe. Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, followed by the Russian Federation’s open invasion of Ukraine eight years later, indicates that the intensity of the rivalry has intensified. The purpose of the article is to identify elements of continuity and change in this rivalry and to answer questions about the causes and prospects of the competition between states and non-state actors in the area. No less important is the question of whether the involvement of the superpowers in Central and Eastern Europe should still be considered a rivalry or rather a conflict. Elements of continuity can be found, among other things, in the involvement of the same actors, the reasons for involvement, and the persistence or even strengthening of conflicting interests. Also, some of the means and methods used remain the same. Among the elements of change are the unprecedented unity of the West and the increase in EU activity in the military sphere, the reduction of Russia’s ability to use some of its means and methods, and the loss of some of the advantages it had until recently.


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