Organized crime and state capture in the Western Balkans

Przestępczość zorganizowana i „zawłaszczenie państwa” w regionie Bałkanów Zachodnich

Strony: 289-306

Wydanie: Lublin 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2021.4.14

Sposób cytowania: R. Woźnica, Organized crime and state capture in the Western Balkans, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 19(2021), z. 4, s. 287-306, doi: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2021.4.14.

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Abstrakt: Głównym celem artykułu jest pokazanie, że przeciągająca się symbioza między ośrodkami władzy politycznej a przestępczością zorganizowaną prowadzi do rozwoju trwałych, skorumpowanych i nieprzejrzystych sieci wpływów i powiązań. Skupiając się na państwach Bałkanów Zachodnich, autor wskazuje na przyczyny rozwoju przestępczości zorganizowanej w regionie, a następnie na jej uwarunkowania powstałe w okresie powojennym, skutkujące niepowodzeniem w zakresie skutecznej walki ze zjawiskiem przestępczości zorganizowanej oraz towarzyszącej jej korupcji. W artykule wskazano również, że tworzenie symbiotycznych relacji między elitami politycznymi i zorganizowanymi grupami przestępczymi prowadzi do faktycznego „zawłaszczenia państwa” w regionie Bałkanów Zachodnich. Z kolei nierozwiązane problemy korupcji i przestępczości zorganizowanej mają bezpośredni wpływ na proces integracji europejskiej państw bałkańskich.

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