The process of reconciliation between Serbia and Kosovo and the international legal strategies of the EU States, the USA, and Russia (with particular emphasis on the activities of the Kosovo Specialist Chambers)

Proces rekoncyliacji między Serbią i Kosowem oraz strategie prawnomiędzynarodowe państw UE, Stanów Zjednoczonych i Rosji (ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem działalności Specjalnych Izb Sądowych Kosowa)

ORCID: Małgorzata Andrzejczak-Świątek: 0000-0002-1112-0214

Afiliacja: Wyższa Szkoła Policji w Szczytnie, Polska

ORCID: Małgorzata Andrzejczak-Świątek: 0000-0002-1112-0214

Strony: 109-125

Wydanie: Lublin 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2021.4.6

Sposób cytowania: M. Andrzejczak-Świątek, The process of reconciliation between Serbia and Kosovo and the international legal strategies of the EU States, the USA, and Russia(with particular emphasis on the activities of the Kosovo Specialist Chambers), „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 19(2021), z. 4, s. 109-125, doi: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2021.4.6.

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Abstrakt: The aim of this article is to analyse the international legal and political process of reconciliation between Serbia and Kosovo in terms of its impact on the scope of development directions and strategies of the European Union countries as well as Russia and the USA. Particular emphasis was placed on the treatment of these issues in the light of the activities of the Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office. The main theses assumed for the purposes of this article are as follows: firstly, that the policy of reconciliation between Serbia and Kosovo is multidimensional, including the necessity of the process of international criminal liability for the crimes committed by both states, while at the same time influencing the dilemmas of the development directions of individual European countries, but also of the European Union and the United States. In addition, the legal and political stabilization of the Balkan region, especially in the context of relations between Kosovo and Serbia, and the possibility of cooperation with these states as part of intergovernmental international organizations, is strategically extremely important for the EU, the USA, as well as for Russia. The Author critically analyses issues using polemics with the standpoint presented in the doctrine of the subject as well as interpreting selected instruments of international law and Kosovo’s national law. The deliberations resulted in conclusions as to the determinants in terms of the directions of the legal and political development of the EU and Russia resulting from the complicated process of reconciliation and mutual settlement of sins by Serbia and Kosovo.

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