The involvement of Western Balkan terrorist-fighters in armed conflicts in Syria and Iraq

Udział zagranicznych bojowników-terrorystów z Bałkanów Zachodnich w konfliktach zbrojnych w Syrii i Iraku

Strony: 151-173

Wydanie: Lublin 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2021.4.8

Sposób cytowania: F. Bryjka, The involvement of Western Balkan terrorist-fighters in armed conflicts in Syria and Iraq, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 19(2021), z. 4, s. 151-173, doi: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2021.4.8.

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Abstrakt: Głównym celem niniejszego artykułu jest wyjaśnienie znaczenia i konsekwencji udziału zagra-nicznych bojowników z państw Bałkanów Zachodnich (WB6) w konfliktach zbrojnych w Syrii i Iraku. W pierwszej części zagadnienie zagranicznych bojowników zostało przedstawione w ujęciu historycznym. Autor skupił się na przykładach radzieckiej inwazji na Afganistan oraz konfliktu etniczno-religijnego w Bośni i Herce-gowinie. W drugiej części tekstu omówione zostały ramy definicyjne pojęcia zagranicznych bojowników oraz jego ewolucja w kierunku zagranicznych bojowników-terrorystów. Następnie przeprowadzona została szczegó-łowa analiza głównego problemu oraz odniesiono się do kilku pytań badawczych: 1) jaka jest skala zjawiska bałkańskich ochotników (np. ich liczba, struktura pochodzenia i inne) w porównaniu z bojownikami z innych regionów? 2) Jakie są ich motywacje i cele, jak wygląda ich rekrutacja i sposoby przemieszczania się w rejon działań wojennych? 3) Jakie są zagrożenia dla bezpieczeństwa Bałkanów Zachodnich ze strony powracają-cych bojowników i jak poszczególne państwa przeciwdziałają temu zjawisku? Autor zastosował następujące metody badawcze: krytyczna analiza treści (literatura przedmiotu, artykuły naukowe, dokumenty, raporty, materiały prasowe) oraz analiza historyczna i porównawcza. Istotny wkład w część dotyczącą przypadku Kosowa stanowią wizyty autora w tym kraju w latach 2018-2020.

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