Regional cooperation formats and the issue of military security of post-conflict states. Case study of the South-East European Cooperation Process

Regionalne formaty współpracy a problem bezpieczeństwa militarnego państw pokonfliktowych. Przypadek Procesu Współpracy w Południowo-Wschodniej Europie

ORCID: Paulina Szeląg: 0000-0002-0662-4987

ORCID: Paulina Szeląg: 0000-0002-0662-4987

Strony: 91-107

Wydanie: Lublin 2023

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2023.2.5

Sposób cytowania: P. Szeląg, Regional cooperation formats and the issue of military security of post-conflict states. Case study of the South-East European Cooperation Process, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 21 (2023), z. 2, s. 91-107, DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2023.2.5

Słowa kluczowe: , , , , ,

Abstrakt: Mimo że Proces Współpracy w Południowo-Wschodniej Europie (South-East European Cooperation Process, SEECP) został zapoczątkowany w 1996 r., tematyka dotycząca jego działalności jest stosunkowo rzadko analizowana. Ten regionalny format współpracy został ustanowiony jako forum dialogu politycznego i konsultacji na najwyższym szczeblu. Zrzesza obecnie 13 państw Europy Południowo-Wschodniej. Jednym z celów SEECP było utrzymanie bezpieczeństwa w regionie, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem Bałkanów Zachodnich. W artykule dowiedziono, że SEECP ewoluował od 1996 r. i stał się istotnym formatem współpracy. Równocześnie jednak format ten pełni ograniczoną rolę w utrzymaniu bezpieczeństwa militarnego państw pokonfliktowych, zlokalizowanych na Bałkanach Zachodnich. Państwa członkowskie SEECP upatrują w integracji z Unią Europejską i Organizacją Paktu Północnoatlantyckiego realną możliwość utrzymania pokoju i bezpieczeństwa militarnego. W artykule wskazano również, iż ustanowienie SEECP nie wyeliminowało napięć i zamieszek na tle etnicznym w niektórych państwach Bałkanów Zachodnich, a sam format ma jeszcze sporo kwestii do uregulowania w zakresie pojednania i relacji dobrosąsiedzkich. W artykule wykorzystano metodę analizy źródeł pierwotnych i wtórnych, studium przypadku, analizę porównawczą oraz metodę historyczną.

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