Udział i charakterystyka największych przedsiębiorstw państwowych w gospodarkach wybranych krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej


ORCID: Maciej Bałtowski: 0000-0002-6435-9771

ORCID: Marlena Gołębiowska: 0000-0002-6513-5841

Strony: 197-215

Wydanie: Lublin 2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36874/RIESW.2019.1.9

Sposób cytowania: M. Bałtowski, M. Gołębiowska, Udział i charakterystyka największych przedsiębiorstw państwowych w gospodarkach wybranych krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 17 (2019), z. 1, s. 197-215, DOI: 10.36874/RIESW.2019.1.9.

Słowa kluczowe: , ,

Keywords: , ,

Abstrakt: The article aims to empirically indicate the share and industry characteristics of the largest state-owned enterprises in five selected countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Furthermore, based on the analysis, an attempt is made to answer relevant research questions: Whether and to what extent after almost 30 years of transition have the economies of the analysed countries become similar to the economies of selected developed countries of Western Europe with regard to the scope of state ownership in the economy? If so, to what extend? Could the economies of the analysed countries be seen as an occurrence of growing importance of state-owned enterprises after the financial crisis of 2008–2009, referred to in the literature as the “return of state-owned enterprises”? The analysis of the scope of state ownership in the economy was made using the processed and completed source data contained in the Orbis database. The study consists of three parts. The first part presents methodological assumptions of the analysis, definitions, description of data sources and basic characteristics of the studied set of enterprises. The second part contains data on state-owned enterprises in the analysed countries, divided into the state-owned and statecontrolled with a minority shareholding also includes industry-specific analysis. The third part contains synthetic international comparisons and a retrospective analysis, including the status and characteristics of state-owned enterprises in the surveyed countries in 2009, 2013 and 2017. The conclusions contained in the summary indicate a significant diversification of the scope and importance of state enterprises in the economies of the analysed countries.


Bałtowski M. (red.), Przedsiębiorstwa sprywatyzowane w polskiej gospodarce, Warszawa 2001.
Bałtowski M., Kozarzewski P., Zmiana własnościowa polskiej gospodarki 1989–2013, Warszawa 2014.
Bałtowski M., Kwiatkowski G., Miejsce przedsiębiorstw państwowych we współczesnej gospodarce – Polska na tle świata, „Ekonomista” 2019, nr 1.
Bałtowski M., Kwiatkowski G., Przedsiębiorstwa państwowe we współczesnej gospodarce, Warszawa 2018.
Christiansen H., The Size and Composition of the SOE Sector in OECD Countries, „OECD Corporate Governance Working Papers” 2011, no. 5.
Dewenter K., Malatesta P., State-Owned and Privately Owned Firms: An Empirical Analysis of Profitability, Leverage, and Labor Intensity, „American Economic Review” 2001, no. 91 (1).
Florio M., The Return of Public Enterprise, „Centre for Industrial Studies (CSIL) Working Papers” 2014.
IMF, Reassessing the Role of State-Owned Enterprises in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe, International Monetary Fund, 19/11, Washington 2019.
Kwiatkowski G., Augustynowicz P., State-Owned Enterprises in the Global Economy – Analysis Based on Fortune Global 500 List, Make Learn and TIIM Joint International Conference, Bari 2015.
Musacchio A., Flores-Macias A., The Return of State-Owned Enterprises: Should We Be Afraid?, „Harvard International Review” 2009, 4 April.
Shirley M. M., Wash P., Public vs Private Ownership: The Current Stage of the Debate, World Bank, Washington 2001.

Słowa kluczowe: , ,