Central Europe in contemporary international affairs: security, society, international collaboration

Redakcja zeszytu: Anna Visvizi

ISSN: 1732-1395

e-ISSN: 2719-2911

Liczba stron: 214

Wydawca: Instytut Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej

Wydanie: Lublin 2018

Artykuły

Artykuł

Ideological and political dimensions of Russia’s attitude towards the European Union

Liczba wyświetleń: 789
The aim of the article is to present and analyse the major ideological and political factors shaping the Russian Federation’s attitude towards the European Union. The analysis focuses on the main ideological concepts, shaped historically and functioning today in Russia, which influence political programmes and undertakings implemented by the Russian authorities in their relations with the EU. This analysis is based on the assumption that there is a deep-rooted conviction among the Russian élites and society that their system of values and culture are diametrically opposed to that of the West, and especially of Europe, and that this results in a general hostility towards the EU. As a result, this creates enormous difficulties in maintaining normal, stable relations between the two parties.

Olga Barburska, ‘Ideological and political dimensions of Russia’s attitude towards the European Union’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 15-39.

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Artykuł

Making Russia forever great: imperialist component in the Kremlin’s foreign policy

Liczba wyświetleń: 770
The article outlines the geopolitical rationale behind contemporary Russian expansionism, as well as presents the asymmetric and “hybrid” mechanisms utilized by the Kremlin to solidify its authority in the post-communist space. To do this, the article refers to the findings of American, British, Polish and Ukrainian intellectuals on the nature of the Russian political identity. The four commonly used theoretical frameworks explaining contemporary Russian expansionism are described and critically assessed (imperial, diversionary, divergent identities and “angry guy”). Apart from this, the Russian and foreign political philosophic thought of the XIX-XXI centuries is referred to. The latter was done to trace the evolution of the Russian Byzantium-type governing tradition and national identity. The article puts forward the hypothesis that Russian expansionism, alongside the Russian sentiment towards an imperialist worldview, are tested by historical patterns of national policy-making which bring the state to its civilizational glory. In this light, it will be futile to expect that Russia can fully democratize, build a Western type of a nation-state and start conducting open policies.

Ostap Kushnir, ‘Making Russia forever great: imperialist component in the Kremlin’s foreign policy’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 41-59.

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Artykuł

The combat potential and the security strategy of Russia – towards rebuilding the position in the international arena

Liczba wyświetleń: 765
The current state of coexistence in international arena is contested. Russian Federation (RF) cannot come to terms with the fact that following the dissolution of the USSR, it sustained substantial losses, especially with regards to its role globally. The team of Putin is striving to rebuild the power of their country. The Russian society, used to sacrifices for the homelands, offers its invaluable support. A lot of effort is put in the development of the armaments sector. As a result, the structure, command and mobilization the Armed Forces have substantially improved. The RF Armed Forces prepare for a possible armed conflict. Various types of exercise are conducted; frequently maneuvers take place in proximity to the borders of NATO member-states. This paper examines these developments and suggest possible ways of bypassing the emerging challenges.

Zbigniew Ścibiorek, Marek Bodziany, ‘The combat potential and the security strategy of Russia – towards rebuilding the position in the international arena’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 61-85.

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wPolityce.pl, ‘Były doradca Putina nie pozostawia złudzeń: Atak Rosji na kraje bałtyckie i Polskę jest nieuchronny. Nastąpi w ciągu dwóch lat…’ [Former adviser of Putin leaves no illusions: Russia’s attack on Baltic States and Poland is inevitable. It will happen within two years…], (Wywiad z byłym doradcą W. Putina – Andriejem Iłłarionowem / Interview with a former adviser of V. Putin – Andrey Illarionov), wPolityce.pl, https://wpolityce.pl/swiat/229227-byly-doradca-putina-nie-pozostawia-zludzen-atak-rosji-na-kraje-baltyckie-i-polske-jest-nieuchronny-nastapi-w-ciagu-dwochlat[2017-11-02].

Artykuł

Russian Federation relations with South and North Koreas and its role in the reunification of the peninsula – scenarios for the future

Liczba wyświetleń: 866
The article examines Russian Federation’s relations with both South and North Korean in the years 1991-2018 and tries to make an assessment of the potential role Russia could play in a future reunification process of the peninsula. The author examines three possible scenarios of such a process: a peaceful reunification, a reunification that would result from North Korean regime’s collapse or from an all-out war on the peninsula. It is argued that although the Russian Federation might prefer to see the continuation of the current status quo, in case of any potential security environment shift the peaceful reunification scenario will best assure Russia’s interest in the region.

Katarzyna Pisarska, ‘Russian Federation relations with South and North Koreas and its role in the reunification of the peninsula – scenarios for the future’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 87-106.

Ahn, B., ‘The Soviet Union and the Korean Peninsula’, Asian Affairs: An American Review, vol. 11, issue 4, 1985.
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Business Korea, ‘Korean President Park Proposes “Silk Road Express” to Connect Eurasian Nations, Facilitate Exchanges’, News, 18 October 2013, http://www.businesskorea.co.kr/english/news/politics/1737-union-eurasian-nations-korean-president-park-proposes-%E2%80%9Csilk-roadexpress%E2%80%9D-connect [2017-03-12].
Cheang, C., ‘Can Russia help being cut out of North Korea negotiations?’, East Asia Forum, 7 July 2018, http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/07/07/canrussia-help-being-cut-out-of-north-korea-negotiations/ [2018-08-03].
Cherkashin, P., ‘Current Russian-North Korean relations and prospects of their development’, Russian International Affairs Council Blog, 25 August 2015, http://russiancouncil.ru/en/blogs/dvfu-en/2022/ [2018-08-02].
Gelman, H. and N. D. Levin, ‘The Future of Soviet-North Korean Relations’, RAND Corporation Paper no. R-3159-AF, October 1984, http://www.rand.org/dam/rand/pubs/reports/2009/R3159.pdf [2017-03-17].
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Ivashentsov, G., ‘Prospects for Russia – Republic of Korea Relations’, in: I. S. Ivanov (ed.), Russia – Republic of Korea Relations: Revising the Bilateral Agenda, Russia International Affairs Council Working Paper, no. X1/2013, Moscow 2013.
Jakimowicz, R., Polityka Federacji Rosyjskiej wobec regionu Azji i Pacyfiku, Azji Centralnej i Arktyki [Russian Federation and its politics towards Asia, Pacific, Central Asia and the Arctic], Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 2015.
Jamestown Foundation, ‘Russia And North Korea Sign Friendship Treaty’, Monitor, vol. 6, issue 30, 17 February 2000, https://jamestown.org/program/russia-and-north-korea-sign-friendship-treaty/ [2017-03-12].
Kim, DJ, ‘Russian influence on North Korea: views of former South Korean Ambassadors to Russia’, The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, vol. 24, no. 3, 2012.
Kim, S., ‘Korean unification costs would exceed $2.7 trillion: Researcher’, NKNews.com, 6 March 2014, https://www.nknews.org/2015/03/unification-costs-would-exceed-2-7-trillion-researcher/ [2017-02-28].
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Artykuł

From strategy to improvisation – Poland’s Eastern Policy in 2016-2018

Liczba wyświetleń: 788
This article discusses Poland’s eastern policy as it unfolded over the period 2016-2018. Against this backdrop it examines how the right-wing coalition 2015 ascent to power impacted the foreign policy of the Republic of Poland. It is argued that the lingering of Poland’s engagement in its eastern neighbourhood is conditioned by developments on the Polish political scene, which – in some cases – is also reflected in a change of narrative toward the eastern neighbours, especially Ukraine.

Adrian Chojan, ‘From strategy to improvisation – Poland’s Eastern Policy in 2016-2018’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 107-123.

Chojan, A., ‘Polityka wschodnia Polski w myśli politycznej pa rtii Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (lata 2005-2007)’ [Eastern policy of Poland in the political thought of the Law and Justice party (2005-2007)], Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej, no. 5, 2016.
Chojan, A., ‘Polityka zagraniczna i bezpieczeństwa UE z perspektywy państw Grupy Wyszehradzkiej’ [EU foreign and security policy from the perspective of the Visegrad Group countries], in : M. J. Tomaszyk (ed.), Polityczno-społeczne i ekonomiczne zmiany w Europie w świetle globalnej startegii na rzecz polityki zagranicznej i bezpieczeństwa Unii Europejskiej [Politico-social and economic changes in Europe in the light of a global strategy for the foreign and security policy of the European Union], Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM, 2017.
Dahl, M., ‘Inicjatywa Trójmorza z perspektywy niemieckiej’ [Three-way initiative from the German perspective], Studia Europejskie, no. 2, 2018.
Fiszer, J. M., ‘Kryzys na Ukrainie i jego konsekwencje międzynarodowe dla regionu, Europy i świata’ [Crisis in Ukraine and its international consequences for the region, Europe and the world], Biuletyn Analiz i Opinii Zakładu Europeistyki ISP PAN, no. 3, 2018.
Kowal, P., ‘Plecami do Ukrainy’ [Backs to Ukraine], Polityka, 20 February 2018.
Kowal, P., ‘Polityka wschodnia Polski po 1989 roku. Kontekst, uwarunkowania, punkty zwrotne’ [Eastern policy of Poland after 1989. Context, conditions, turning points’], in: J. Osiński (ed.), Polityka publiczna w Polsce. Priorytety i wyzwania [Public policy in Poland. Priorities and challenges], Warszawa: Szkoła Główna Handlowa, 2015.
Kowal, P., ‘Relacje Warszawa–Kijów są najgorsze od 1991 roku [Warsaw–Kiev relations are the worst since 1991], Rzeczpospolita, 21 January 2017, www.rp.pl/Dyplomacja/170129814-Pawel-Kowal-relacje-WarszawaKijow-sanajgorsze-od-1991-roku.html [2018-08-13].
Kubik, A., ‘Gazoport w Świnoujściu będzie powiększony. Jest decyzja o rozbudowie’ [The LNG terminal in Świnoujście will be enlarged. There is a decision to expand], Gazeta Wyborcza, 20 April 2017.
Kubik, A., ‘Polska w pułapce Nord Stream 2. Przed nami wybór jak między dżumą a cholerą’ [Poland in the trap of Nord Stream 2. Before us, we choose between the plague and cholera], Gazeta Wyborcza, 18 September 2017.
Łoskot-Strachota, A. and R. Bajczuk, S. Kardaś, ‘Nord Stream 2 dzieli Zachód’ [Nord Stream 2 divides the West], Komentarze OSW, no. 273, 2018.
Mieroszewski, J., ‘Rosyjski „kompleks Polski” i obszar ULB’ [Russian “Polish complex” and the ULB area], in: P. Kowal and J. Ołdakowski, M. Zuchniak (eds), Nie jesteśmy ukrainofilami. Polska myśl polityczna wobec Ukraińców i Ukrainy. Antologia tekstów [We are not Ukrainrainophiles. Polish political thought towards Ukrainians and Ukraine. Anthology of texts], Wrocław 2002.
Mikulski, J., ‘Czy Jarosław Kaczyński pokłócił się z Petrem Poroszenką o UPA?’ [Did Jarosław Kaczyński quarrel with Petro Poroshenko about UPA?], Rzeczpospolita, 21 August 2017.
Orzelska-Stączek, A., ‘Inicjatywa Środkowoeuroepejska a Trójmorze – odmienne koncepcje współpracy w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej’ [Central European and Tricity Initiative – different concepts of cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe], Studia Europejskie, no. 1, 2018.
Pełczyńska-Nałęcz, K., Polityka wschodnia w chaosie [Eastern policy in chaos], Warszawa: Fundacja im. S. Batorego, 2014.
Tarnogórski, R. and S. Zaręba, ‘Polska w Radzie Bezpieczeństwa ONZ’ [Poland in the UN Security Council], Biuletyn PISM, no. 1, 2018.
Wroński, P., ‘Odwrót PiS z Ukrainy? Kaczyński: „Nie zgodzimy się, by z ludobójców i morderców robić bohaterów”’ [The return of the PiS from Ukraine? Kaczyński: “We will not agree to make heroes out of the genocide and murderer”], Gazeta Wyborcza, 30 January 2017.
Zdrowie, praca, rodzina [Health, work, family], program wyborczy Prawa i Sprawiedliwości [Election program Law and Justice], 2014.

Artykuł

Armenia’s creeping revolution: between the #RejectSerzh movement and previous civic initiatives

Liczba wyświetleń: 753
Mass protests which erupted in Armenia in April 2018 were the biggest demonstrations in this country since the nineties of the XX century. With the dismissal of prime minister Serzh Sargsyan and appointment of the “temporary” government, the so called #RejectSerzh movement has been quickly proclaimed as another velvet revolution. The 2018 protests led to such an unexpected outcome because of the number of factors: their well-thought organization based on the civil disobedience methods, simultaneous decentralization of the protesters and clearly defined aim – ousting the incumbent prime minister embodying corrupted, oligarchic political system. At the same time it seems that the #RejectSerzh movement would not achieve such a success without the “legacy” of the civic, grassroots initiatives taking place in Armenia since 2008 and especially since 2013. All of these movements were highly interlinked and constituted continuous (however still incomplete) creeping revolution leading to the change of the oligarchic political system in Armenia.

Mateusz Kubiak, ‘Armenia’s creeping revolution: between the #RejectSerzh movement and previous civic initiatives’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 125-145.

Abrahamian, L., ‘Civil Society Born in the Square: the Karabagh Movement in Perspective’, in: L. Chorbajian (ed.), The Making of Nagorno-Karabagh: From Secession to Republic, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
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Artykuł

Treaty Revisionism in Turkey’s foreign policy – a threat to the security of Greece and the European Union

Liczba wyświetleń: 854
Turkey’s current foreign policy is based on the slogans of the revision of the Lausanne Treaty of 1923, which established the external borders of the Turkish state. The revision demands of this treaty are particularly dangerous to the security of Greece and the territorial integrity of this country. Turkey questions the limits of the continental shelf, the exclusive economic zone, the territorial sea and airspace of Greece. Since the mid-1990s, Turkey has also begun to question the Greekness of the Aegean islands. The danger of an outbreak of conflict between Greece and Turkey in the Aegean Sea may lead to the renewal of conflicts in the Balkans and thus to the decreased security of other European Union countries.

Artur Adamczyk, ‘Treaty Revisionism in Turkey’s foreign policy – a threat to the security of Greece and the European Union’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 147-165.

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Artykuł

Between Sofia and Ankara – the Turkish minority in contemporary Bulgaria

Liczba wyświetleń: 813
The Turks are the largest national minority in Bulgaria. Since the creation of the independent Bulgarian state in the 19th century, i.e., since the Turks began to function as a minority group in this country, they have not identified with their new homeland nor integrated with other ethnic groups. After 1989 the situation has changed, the symbol of which is the activity of the Movement for Rights and Freedoms (DPS). The article addresses the situation of the Turkish minority in this new, changed reality of modern Bulgaria.

Elżbieta Szyszlak, ‘Between Sofia and Ankara – the Turkish minority in contemporary Bulgaria’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 167-185.

Adreev, A., ‘Bułgarscy Turcy przeciwko Erdoganowi’ [Bulgarian Turks against Erdogan], http://www.dw.com/pl/bułgarscy-turcy-przeciwkoerdoganowi/a-38439265 [2017-08-15].
Arndt, M., ‘Muslime in Bulgarien. Integrationsgrad, politische Repräsentanz und sozialer Status der Türken, Pomaken und Roma’ [Muslims in Bulgaria. The level of integration, political representation and social status of Turks, Pomaks and Roma], KAS Auslandsinformationen, no. 7, 2013.
Bieniek, K., ‘Ruch Praw i Wolności – partia bułgarskich Turków’ [Movement of Rights and Freedoms – the party of the Bulgarian Turks], Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Politologica, no. 11, 2013.
Birdahaasla, ‘Bulgaristan’daki Türk Nüfusunun Yıllara Göre Dağılımı’ [The Turkish population in Bulgaria in particular years], http://www.birdahaasla.org/documents/events/bulgaria/table.pdf [2018-02-09].
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Eurasianews, ‘Türkei baut neue Türken-Partei in Bulgarien auf für mehr Einfluss auf Sofia’ [Turkey is building a new Turkish party in Bulgaria for greater influence on Sofia], Eurasianews, http://eurasianews.de/blog/tuerkei-baut-neue-tuerken-partei-in-bulgarien-auf-fuer-mehr-einflussauf-regierung/ [2017-08-09].
Fijołek, K., ‘Ruch na rzecz Praw i Swobód. Pomiędzy partią liberalną a reprezentacją mniejszości tureckiej w Bułgarii’ [Movement for Rights and Freedom. Between the liberal party and the representation of the Turkish minority in Bulgaria], Studia Środkowoeuropejskie i Bałkanistyczne, vol. XXVI, 2017.
Gocłowski, A., ‘Exodus bułgarskich Muzułmanów do Turcji w 1989 roku jako zapowiedź zmierzchu wpływów imperialnych ZSRR na Bałkanach’ [Exodus of the Bulgarian Muslims to Turkey in 1989 as a preview of the Soviet imperial twilight in the Balkans], in: J. E. Zamojski (ed.), Upadek imperiów i rozwój migracji [The fall of empires and the development of migration], Warszawa: Neriton, 2003.
Kasprowicz, D., ‘Partie etniczne mniejszości narodowych na przykładzie bułgarskiego Ruchu na rzecz Praw i Wolności (DPS)’ [Ethnic parties of national minorities on the example of the Bulgarian Movement for Rights and Freedoms (DPS)], Acta Politica, no. 27, 2014.
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Parzymies, A., ‘Muzułmanie w Bułgarii’ [Muslims in Bulgaria], in: A. Parzymies (ed.), Muzułmanie w Europie [Muslims in Europe], Warszawa: Dialog, 2005.
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Szyszlak, E., Etniczność w kontekstach bezpieczeństwa. Mniejszość romska w Republice Czeskiej [Ethnicity in security contexts. The Roma minority in the Czech Republic], Wrocław: Arboretum, 2015.
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Żmigrodzki, M., Przeobrażenia polityczno-ustrojowe i Sąd Konstytucyjny w Bułgarii [Political and structural transformations and the Constitutional Court in Bulgaria], Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS, 1997.
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Artykuł

Russia as immigration country: policy response to refugees and internally displaced persons

Liczba wyświetleń: 738
The problem of people’s forced displacement refers to the most acute. People displaced by conflict, persecution or other human rights violations are the most vulnerable groups in the world. The question of how to regulate migration in such a way as to enhance its positive effects, reducing the negative ones is one of the most important in countries. Russia, like other industrialized countries, attracts migrant. However, there are significant differences between European countries and Russia. The aim of the paper is to investigate the problem of refugees and internally displaced persons in the Russian Federation in international legal, political and social aspects and possible ways for its solution. The article reflects general condition of refugees and internally displaced persons, taking into account the specifics of the political socialization process in Russia.

Ludmila Golovataia, Dan Dinner, ‘Russia as immigration country: policy response to refugees and internally displaced persons’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 187-205.

Andrejso S. and M. Kazankova, Legal problems of refugees in the context of forced migration processes, St. Petersburg: Med. press, 2005.
Chernysh, M. F. (ed.), Socio-Economic Factors of Inter-Ethnic Tensions in the Regions of the Russian Federation, Moscow: The Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2015.
Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, Population of Russia 1998: The sixth annual demographic report, 1998, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_Relating_to_the_Status_of_Refugees.
Council for Development of Civic Society Under the President of the Russian Federation, The Consolidated Report on Measures for Provision of Help to Persons Who Were Forced to Leave the Territory of Ukraine and Placed in the Territory of the Russian Federation, 31 October 2014, http://presidentsovet.ru/documents/read/282/.Federal Law No. 4528-I of 19 February 1993 “On Refugees” (as amended and supplemented), http://base.garant.ru/10105682 [2018-09-05].
Federal State Statistics Service, http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/inspection/vpn/vpn_popul.htm.
Information on the situation regarding citizens of Ukraine and stateless persons who left the country in an emergency and mass order, data of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation of 8 April 2015, http://www.fms.gov.ru/ about / statistics / info_o_situatsii_v_otnoshenii_grazhdan_ukrainy. Information portal of the Federal Migration Service, https://ufms-russia.ru/ [2018-07-15].
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Mamontova, E., Features of contemporary migration situation in Russia, 2013, http://vernadsky.tstu.ru/pdf/2013/08/15.pdf.
Mamontova, E., ‘The problem of forced migration in Russia at the present stage’, Historical, Philosophical, Political and Legal Sciences, Culturology and Art History. Theory and Practice, no. 8(3), Таmbov: Gramota, 2015, ISSN 1997-292X, http://www.gramota.net/materials/3/2015/8-3/34.html.
Olenitskaya, E. S., ‘From Ukraine in the Territory of Russia: Problems and Experience of Crisis Phenomena Management in Intercultural Communication’, in: Russia in the Period of Transformation: Crisis Communication and Anti-Crisis Management, Yaroslavl: Academy MUB&NT, 2014.
On Amending the State Program to Promote Voluntary Resettlement in Russia of Compatriots Living Abroad, approved by Presidential Decree No. 637 of 22 June 2006, Presidential Decree No. 531 of 25 July 2014, http://graph.document.kremlin.ru/page.aspx?3646159/ [2018-07-18].
Plaksina, I. V., Constitutional and legal regulation of migration processes, Moskva 2001.

Artykuł

Book review: European Security and Stability in a Complex Global Order – The Case of Neighbourhood Policy by Ewa Latoszek, Magdalena Proczek, Małgorzata Dziembała, Anna Masłon-Oracz, Agnieszka Kłos (eds)

Liczba wyświetleń: 688
Wkrótce nowe informacje.
Ioan Horga, ‘Book review: European Security and Stability in a Complex Global Order – The Case of Neighbourhood Policy by Ewa Latoszek, Magdalena Proczek, Małgorzata Dziembała, Anna Masłon--Oracz, Agnieszka Kłos (eds)’, Yearbook of the Institute of East-Central Europe, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2018, pp. 209-211