Redakcja zeszytu: Mirosław Filipowicz, Paweł Jarosz

ISSN: 1732-1395

e-ISSN: 2719-2911

Liczba stron: 274

Wydawca: Instytut Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej

Wydanie: Lublin 2017

Artykuły

Artykuł

Instytucje religijne i polityka na Ukrainie: zagadnienie tożsamości w czasach wojny (Religious institutions and politics in Ukraine: questioning identity at times of war)

Liczba wyświetleń: 63
The paper proposes to examine how the political upheavals, occurred in Ukraine after 2014, have impacted the image and the actions of the local religious institutions in the public arena. “National” rhetoric reinforced by the violent conflict in the eastern part of the country has led different religious hierarchies to redefine themselves through the question of relations with the new political power but also towards new attitudes of the civil society. Using statistical sources provided by state agencies and recent sociological surveys, our analysis attempts to highlight and to explain some recent evolutions of the Ukrainian religious map. The problem of the politicization of the confessional structures studied through the project of building a unique local Church, which has been recently put back on the agenda and which let see in detail the competition between the orthodox clergy of the Kyivan and the Moscow Patriarchates, the latter being often accused of connivance with the enemy. In counterpoint, the reflection also offers a sketch of the religious situation of the territories occupied by Russia or pro-Russian forces. Finally, the study shows that, despite the slogans initially stated by the supporters of the Russkij mir, religious divisions did not serve as a basis for the conflict and their mention became secondary in wartime propaganda. Moreover, the war seems to have led to a more distant attitude towards religious structures with a timid but continuous decline in the number of believers, especially in areas close to the fighting.

L. Tatarenko, Instytucje religijne i polityka na Ukrainie: zagadnienie tożsamości w czasach wojny, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 13-41.
Artykuł

Między polityką a przemilczeniem – pamięć o Zagładzie na Białorusi 1991-2017 (Between politics and silence – the memory of the Holocaust in Belarus 1991-2017)

Liczba wyświetleń: 56
The article presents the analysis of the Holocaust in the memory policy in Belarus in 1991-2017. In the paper there was analyzed the policy of the President and Ministry of Education to the Holocaust. The article describes the activities of non-governmental institutions and museums in the protection of the Holocaust memory. The author characterizes how Holocaust memory is reflected in documentary films and contemporary art.

R. Romantsov, Między polityką a przemilczeniem – pamięć o Zagładzie na Białorusi 1991-2017, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 43-68.
Artykuł

Instytut Literacki i Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski – mało znane wątki kontaktów okresu zimnej wojny (Literary Institute (in Maisons-Laffitte) and Catholic University of Lublin – not well-known threads of mutual contacts during the Cold War)

Liczba wyświetleń: 55
Contacts between Catholic University of Lublin and Literary Institute in Maisons-Laffitte (near Paris) were not sufficiently examined by researchers. Their beginnings reach 1957. The first effects were scholarships for scholars from Lublin university, first of all granted by Ford Foundation. The Director of the foundation Shepard Stone visited Lublin in June 1957. One of the beneficies of the program was prof. Jerzy Łukaszewski, later professor and rector of College d’Europe in Brugge. But the most important effect was intensive book exchange which lasted till the end of the Cold War. It is worth to say that University Library of the Catholic University of Lublin after 1989 was one of few libraries in Poland supplied with a set of “Kultura” and publications of Literary Institute. Giedroyc had also his own vision of the role which Lublin university should play – he was trying to convince about it e.g. Czesław Miłosz who was invited to visit Lublin in June 1981. Giedroyc had good contacts also with particular scholars from the university, like Tadeusz Chrzanowski, Zdzisław Kudelski or ks. Roman Dzwonkowski, though this is not a full list. Those contacts had advantages also for an editor – he gained additional information about the situation in Poland and distribution of “Kultura” was broader. But advantages for the university were incomparably greater. Thanks to those contacts the “space of freedom and truth” was widened.

S. Łukasiewicz, Instytut Literacki i Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski – mało znane wątki kontaktów okresu zimnej wojny, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 69-87.
Artykuł

Michaił Heller – „polski Rosjanin” z Maisons-Laffitte (Mikhail Heller – The Polish Russian from Maisons-Laffitte)

Liczba wyświetleń: 60
This article is the first such an extensive attempt to describe and analyze the biography of Mikhail Heller – a historian, literary scientist, Sovietologist and emigrant from the Soviet Union, who settled in Paris in the second half of the twentieth century and co-operated with the Polish emigration journal – the Parisian “Kultura”. The text was developed on the basis of a bachelor’s thesis, defended in June 2017. The article presents the life of Heller from three perspectives related to the realities in which he must have lived. Heller was born, raised and educated in the USSR. In the fifties he was sentenced to a stay in a labor camp, a sentence which he did not have to serve in full. He left the “homeland of the proletariat”, thanks to the invaluable assistance of his wife, a Polish Jew, Eugenia Chigryn, and found himself in the Polish People’s Republic. He spent over a decade in Poland, where he worked and gained valuable acquaintances. In 1968 he decided to emigrate to West Europe – to France. The article focuses to a great extent on the relationship of Mikhail Heller with the Parisian “Kultura” community, along with its most prominent representatives. There appear themes of acquaintance with Jerzy Giedroyc, Józef Czapski or Zygmunt Hertz. Emphasis is placed on the fact that Heller is one of the lesser-known and very important collaborators of “Kultura”. He has cooperated with Giedroyc’s periodical since his arrival in Paris until his death in 1997. During his 27 years of regular writing, he has published more than 200 monthly articles from the series “In the Soviet Press” (under the pseudonym Adam Kruczek) and a number of other texts. The author takes the view that the persona of Heller requires a comprehensive and substantive study, which – until now – has never been undertaken.

J. Piekara, Michaił Heller – „polski Rosjanin” z Maisons-Laffitte, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 89-111.
Artykuł

Obława augustowska – egzemplifikacja traumy wschodniej – na podstawie relacji rodzin ofiar zebranych w latach osiemdziesiątych XX wieku (The Augustów Roundup – exemplification of the eastern trauma – based on the reports of the victims’ families gathered

Liczba wyświetleń: 57
Two months after WW2, in July 1945, the Soviets conducted the biggest military operation against Polish underground resistance – the Augustów Roundup. In districts of north-eastern Poland and parts of Lithuania and Belarus, the Soviet soldiers arrested over 7,000 people. At least 592 of them were murdered and until today it isn’t known where were concealed. This traumatic experience was the ultimate situation for many families of the Roundup victims. During Communist domination, they could not talk about their loss nor express their grief. They lived in terror. Being silent about this extorted by communists crime against humanity prolonged the trauma. We can hear it clearly in victim’s families stories 40 years after this tragic occurrence. It is example of eastern trauma caused by the Communist crimes.

B. Bojaryn-Kazberuk, Obława augustowska – egzemplifikacja traumy wschodniej – na podstawie relacji rodzin ofiar zebranych w latach osiemdziesiątych XX wieku, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 113-138.
Artykuł

Między Wschodem a Zachodem – geograficzne ukierunkowanie polityki polonijnej i jego przemiany w latach 1989-2017 (Between East and West – geographical focus of the Polish diaspora policy and its transformations in 1989-2017)

Liczba wyświetleń: 65
The aim of the article is to examine the changes in the orientation of the Polish diaspora policy (Polonia policy) on the East-West axis, their conditions and perception presented by representatives of institutions involved in the creation and implementation of the Polish diaspora policy. Although the Polonia policy implemented after 1989 concerned both communities – Poles in the East and Poles in the West, one can observe temporary changes in orientation, consisting in applying more or less importance to one of the directions. The article presents the results of the analysis of official documents which were the basis for the transformation of the Polish diaspora policy in years 1989-2016. In addition, the results of empirical research conducted in 2015-2017 among representatives of institutions implementing the Polish diaspora policy are discussed. To interpret research results we used the typology categorizing types of perspectives explaining the emergence and development of diaspora policies, developed by Gamlen and colleagues. It captures three perspectives: tapping, embracing and governing perspective. The results of the research presented in the article suggest that in the case of Poland, on the one hand, there is a coexistence of the embracing and tapping perspective, and on the other, temporary emphasis on one or the other approach can be observed.

M. Nowosielski, W. Nowak, Między Wschodem a Zachodem – geograficzne ukierunkowanie polityki polonijnej i jego przemiany w latach 1989-2017, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 139-158.
Artykuł

Analiza zależności pomiędzy poziomem dochodów publicznych oraz wydatków publicznych (w relacji do PKB) a wielkością inwestycji w latach 2001- 2015 w państwach Europy Środkowo – Wschodniej należących do Unii Europejskiej

Liczba wyświetleń: 54
More and more research results confirm the existence of non-Keynesian economic reaction to fiscal policy, partially explaining their limited effectiveness in stimulating the economy. These studies show that long-lasting fiscal consolidation, in particular by reducing public spending, can boost economic growth, and the key variable responsible for the expansive effect appears to be investment. The correlation analysis shows the existence of a negative (moderate weak)relationship between the average level of investment and the average size of the public sector in the economy (measured by the level of public revenue and public expenditure in relation to GDP) in the long run in 11 countries of Central and Eastern Europe belonging to the European Union (stronger for public expenditure: r = –0.36 and weaker for public revenue: r = –0.22). An analysis of the above correlation separately for individual economies showed negative correlation in 9 out of 11 CEE countries (both for public revenue and public expenditure) in the 2001-2015 period, of which four were strong or very strong.

M. Redo, Analiza zależności pomiędzy poziomem dochodów publicznych oraz wydatków publicznych (w relacji do PKB) a wielkością inwestycji w latach 2001-2015 w państwach Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej należących do Unii Europejskiej, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 159-172.
Artykuł

Klub Katolicki w Lublinie

Liczba wyświetleń: 57
Wkrótce nowe informacje.
Cz. Deptuła, Klub Katolicki w Lublinie, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 175-186.
Artykuł

Recenzja książki: Rafał Marceli Blüth, „Likwidacja leninowskiej elity” oraz inne pisma sowietologiczne 1933-1938, wybór, wstęp i noty Marek Kornat, Towarzystwo „Więź”, Warszawa 2016, s. 295

Liczba wyświetleń: 48
Wkrótce nowe informacje.
M. Kozłowski, Recenzja książki: Rafał Marceli Blüth, „Likwidacja leninowskiej elity” oraz inne pisma sowietologiczne 1933-1938, wybór, wstęp i noty Marek Kornat, Towarzystwo „Więź”, Warszawa 2016, s. 295, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 203-209.
Artykuł

Recenzja książki: Rafał Czachor, Transformacja systemu politycznego Białorusi w latach 1988-2001, Wydawnictwo Uczelni Jana Wyżykowskiego, Polkowice 2016, s. 526

Liczba wyświetleń: 49
Wkrótce nowe informacje.
V. Tymul, Recenzja książki: Rafał Czachor, Transformacja systemu politycznego Białorusi w latach 1988-2001, Wydawnictwo Uczelni Jana Wyżykowskiego, Polkowice 2016, s. 526, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 211-215.
Artykuł

Jerzy Kłoczowski: 1924-2017

Liczba wyświetleń: 52
Wkrótce nowe informacje.
M. Filipowicz, Jerzy Kłoczowski: 1924-2017, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 239-243.
Artykuł

Jerzy Kłoczowski: 1924-2017. Wspomnienie

Liczba wyświetleń: 52
Wkrótce nowe informacje.
H. Łaszkiewicz, Jerzy Kłoczowski: 1924-2017. Wspomnienie, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 245-251.
Artykuł

Zbigniew Brzeziński

Liczba wyświetleń: 53
Wkrótce nowe informacje.
M. Filipowicz, Zbigniew Brzeziński, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej”, 15 (2017), z. 1, s. 259-265.